Source Hoosier National Forest
The first travel way across southern Indiana existed for centuries. While moving from the salt licks of Kentucky to the prairie grass of Illinois, the seasonal migration of the American bison created Indiana’s first highway, called the Buffalo Trace. Varying from 12 to 20 feet wide, the bison in some places on the trace had worn solid rock down to a depth of 12 feet.
Starting near modern- day Clarksville, Indiana, at the Falls of the Ohio, thousands of the bison would come together to cross the Ohio River at its shallowest point. After making the crossing, the bison then blazed a trail across southern Indiana to Vincennes, where they would then cross another river, the Wabash. At this point their trek together would end as they scattered to graze on the Illinois prairie grass...
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